Back to Basics

Back to Basics:

As dentists, our job is to properly communicate various dental issues and recommendations with our patients.  To improve our communication, it helps you to know some of the terms we use in describing some of the anatomy of the oral cavity, the problems that candevelop, and the steps you need to take to fix them.

Dr. Aanenson

The Anatomy of a Tooth:

 

  • Enamel – Enamel is the hardest structure in the human body, and it covers the external surface of each tooth.

  • Dentin – Dentin is the structure that lies between the enamel and the pulp. It forms the core substance of the tooth. It is softer than enamel and darker yellow in color. Dentin is responsible for giving teeth their color, and every person’s is different.

  • Pulp – Pulp is the collection of blood vessels and nerves inside the hollow chamber of a tooth.

  • Crown – The crown is the portion of the tooth that protrudes out of the gums. You could also describe the crown by stating that it is the part of the tooth that you can see. Enamel is only found on the crown of a tooth.

  • RootThe root of the tooth is the portion anchored into the jawbone. Each tooth has a different shaped root. Molars have multiple roots, and the shape of the root is important in the tooth’s stability in the bone.

 

Dr. Aanenson

Other Dental Terms Defined:

What is a cavity?  A cavity, or tooth decay, is the destruction of enamel and dentin by bacteria in your mouth.  The bacteria in your mouth eat sugar and produce acid as a by-product.  When the acid is allowed to stay in contact with the tooth surface for an extended period of time, it begins to eat its way through the enamel.  Once it passes through the enamel layer, it begins to spread through the dentin.  If the decay isn’t stopped, it will extend all the way to the pulp.  Once it reaches the pulp, the nerves and blood vessels become infected.

What is a filling?  When a cavity is removed from a tooth, the dentist ensures that he has removed all unhealthy enamel and dentist, leaving only solid, healthy enamel and dentin.  This cavity removal process creates a hole in the tooth.  The dentist repairs this hole by filling it with a dental restorative material to restore the normal shape, size and contour of a tooth.  This allows you to use the tooth for normal function again.

What is a composite?  Composite is a type of dental filling material.  It is a resin polymer that forms a bond to the tooth structure.  Composite requires a blue light to “cure” it (harden it after it has been formed to the proper shape).

What is plaque?  Plaque is a soft material that accumulates on the teeth every single day.  Plaque is made up of food particles, bacteria, and minerals present in your saliva.  Plaque is easily removed with a SOFT toothbrush and floss, and it is attracted to rough surfaces.

What is tartar?  Tartar, also called calculus, is a hard material that forms on the teeth from plaque that is not adequately removed.  When plaque stays on a tooth surface for more than 24 hours, it begins to calcify or harden.  This hardened substance is impossible to remove with a toothbrush or floss.  It can only be removed by being scraped off by a dental hygienist or dentist.  Tartar that is not removed causes periodontal disease.

What is gingivitis?  Gingivitis, also called gum disease, is an inflammation of the gums, and it is almost always caused by plaque and/or tartar buildup at the gumline of the teeth.  Gingivitis is characterized by swollen, red, painful or bleeding gums. 

Dr. Aanenson

  What is periodontal disease?Periodontal disease, if left untreated, will cause you to lose your teeth.  When tartar accumulates on the teeth, it irritates the gum tissue and bone that help hold the tooth in place.  This irritation, over time, causes destruction of the bone, which results in a lack of stability for the tooth.  If periodontal disease is caught in its early stages, it can usually be easily treated in your dentist’s office.  More advanced stages may need to be treated by a specialist called a periodontist.  Periodontal disease can be “silent”, not causing any pain or discomfort, so it is important to see your dentist regularly. 

What is bruxism?  Bruxism is the term dentists use to describe the habit of clenching or grinding your teeth.  It can occur at night or during the daytime, and it leaves noticeable signs inside your mouth.  Your dentist can tell if you have this habit.

Call our office at 605-925-4999 (Freeman) or (605) 928-3363 (Parkston) to schedule your appointment today with Dr. Jason Aanenson, Dr. Alex Whitesell or Dr. Serena Whitesell!

Spring Cleaning

Spring Cleaning

Spring has sprung!  This time of year is a time for new beginnings and fresh starts.  Trees are budding, and flowers are in bloom.  Most people are familiar with the concept of spring-cleaning.  We clean out our closets and our flowerbeds.  We throw out things we do not use anymore. 

Obviously, spring-cleaning carries with it the idea of cleaning up the things to keep.  It also implies cleaning out things that are past their usefulness. 

When you spring-clean, you strive for a clean slate, bringing things back to a state that is more easily maintained so that they stay cleaner for longer.

As your dentists, of course we want you to apply this concept to your mouth!

Spring Cleaning for Your Mouth

Cleaning Up the Things to Keep

We want you to keep your teeth.  Forever.  We want your teeth to outlast you!  In order to keep your teeth for the rest of your life, they must have healthy gums and supporting bone.  They also need to stay cavity free.

The key to keeping teeth free of decay with healthy gums and bones is keeping them as clean as possible.  There are two essential steps you must take to keep your mouth clean.

Professional Teeth Cleanings – To achieve a perfectly healthy mouth, it is absolutely necessary for you to have professional teeth cleanings on a consistent basis.  Our wonderful dental hygienists are masters at removing every trace of bacteria from your teeth and gums.  No matter how diligent you are, you can never clean every bit of plaque and tartar on your own at home.  Professional teeth cleanings are a must for a clean mouth.

  • Interval of Teeth Cleanings – All men are not created equally when it comes to plaque and tartar buildup. We are all unique, with specific risks and needs. For this reason, some people need to have professional teeth cleanings at different intervals than the average of six months. Ask your dentist and dental hygienist which interval will give you the healthiest outcome!

Great Home Care – As amazing as our hygienists are, they cannot do all of the work for you.  Their job stops when you walk out of our doors, and the ball is then in your court.  They leave you with a clean slate and all the information you need to keep it clean.  If you have a particularly difficult area to clean on your own, ask your dental hygienist.  They each have customized ways of teaching you how to clean your teeth to the best of your ability.  Follow this regimen for great home care.

  • Brush twice daily with a fluoride toothpaste after breakfast and before bedtime. If possible, use an electric toothbrush, which is proven to remove more plaque buildup than a manual toothbrush.

  • Floss every night before bed. Brushing alone does not get the job done. Flossing is the only way to remove plaque and food debris from between the teeth.

  • Add a mouthwash to your daily routine. There are so many different types of mouthwash available today, and they have different purposes. Ask your hygienist which type is best for your specific needs.

 

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 Cleaning Out Useless or Obsolete Things

Okay, this may seem like a strange concept when applying it to your oral health.  We have two ways that you should “clean out” things related to your mouth.

  1. Throw Out Your Toothbrush – Toothbrushes are wonderful tools that have greatly improved dental healthcare. But they do not last forever. If yours is frayed or splayed or otherwise “worn out”, toss it. For electric toothbrush users, buy the replacement heads, and throw this one out. Old toothbrushes can harbor bacteria and even grow mold. Once the bristles are worn out, they may not even touch the tooth surface as they should.

  2. Take a Tip from Marie Kondo – The bestselling author of “The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up” has a unique tactic for cleaning out your closet. Hold up an item and think about how it makes you feel. If it does not bring you joy, get rid of it. If we were to apply that tactic to your mouth, what would you get rid of? Is there an old discolored filling that you hate? Do you have a tooth that you try to hide when you smile? If there is something in your smile that does not bring you joy, please schedule a consultation with Dr. Jason, Dr. Alex or Dr. Serena to discuss how we can change that for you.

 

Maintaining a Clean Mouth

Have you noticed the phenomenon that it is much easier to keep something clean once it is clean?  The fact that the countertops are free of clutter makes you want to keep any clutter from building up. 

The same is true for your teeth.  The feeling of a perfectly clean mouth just after your professional teeth cleaning is so good that you are more motivated to follow a great home care regimen.  Don’t let that momentum fizzle out.  Commit to keeping up that great home care routine so that your “spring clean” lasts all year!

Do You Need a “Spring Cleaning”?

It is time for a fresh start!  Call our offices at 605-925-4999 (Freeman) or (605) 928-3363 (Parkston) today to schedule your professional teeth cleaning with our fabulous hygienists or a consultation with Dr. Jason Aanenson, Dr. Alex Whitesell or Dr. Serena Whitesell.

Sparkling water

Sparkling Water: A Surprising Cause of Cavities

 

Most people know that foods and drinks high in sugar can cause cavities.  It is common knowledge that sodas and candy are bad for your teeth. What many people are unaware of is that sparkling water can also damage the teeth.

Due to an increase in its popularity in recent years, we are frequently asked about sparkling water (carbonated water) and whether it can damage your teeth.  Although most sparkling water contains nothing more than carbonated water (perhaps with a few minerals) and natural flavors, most people do not expect it to be as acidic as soda, which typically contains phosphoric acid. Unfortunately, sparkling water is very acidic due to the carbonation process, which forms carbonic acid.

Yes, Sparkling Water Can Harm Your Teeth!

A group of researchers at the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom wanted to find out if sparkling water could cause enamel erosion.

First, they measured the pH of various sparkling waters and found a pH of around three (ranging from 2.7-3.4). This pH level is just as low as most sodas!

This research group took some extracted teeth and placed them in glasses filled with different types of flavored carbonated waters. They found that the sparkling water does erode away tooth enamel.  In fact, they found that flavored sparkling water has as much or more of an erosive effect on teeth as orange juice, which is known to be very damaging to teeth.

The following is what this group of researchers concluded:

"Flavored sparkling waters should be considered as potentially erosive, and preventive advice on their consumption should recognize them as potentially acidic drinks rather than water with flavoring."

In other words, sparkling water can erode your tooth enamel and should not be considered “water” at all. Rather, it is more appropriately classified as an “acidic drink”. 

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 What does this mean for your teeth?

Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body.  It is a protective coating over the core nerves and blood vessels in our teeth.  The purpose of our teeth is to chew food; the enamel serves to withstand the mechanical and chemical forces that teeth are subjected to as they do that job.  Anything that softens, erodes, or breaks enamel is bad because it weakens the tooth.  Enamel erosion makes it easier for the bacteria in our mouths to cause cavities and can cause major breakdown of your teeth, which causes the need for more dental work in your future.

A healthy mouth has a pH level slightly above neutral (7.0).  Anything below neutral is an acid.  Enamel begins to soften or demineralize at a pH of 5.5 or below.  Many of the things we eat and drink are lower than 5.5 pH.  In a normal, healthy mouth, saliva can act as a buffer and bring the pH back up to neutral once the acid is gone (i.e. once you have stopped eating or drinking).

What should you do?

 

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  • Be aware of the sparkling water that you consume. Some sparkling waters are flavored with citrus flavorings such as lemon, lime, orange, etc…, which add citric acid on top of the carbonic acid. 
  • Pay attention to the amount of sparkling water that you consume.  You should never be drinking more sparkling water than regular water.
  • Do not slowly sip on acidic drinks throughout the day. This makes it more difficult for your saliva to keep your mouth at a neutral pH.  Drink it quickly.
  • After drinking a sparkling water, rinse your mouth with water to help quickly return it to a neutral pH.
  • Chew sugar-free gum after drinking something acidic.  This helps to stimulate good saliva flow and return the pH to neutral.

 


Special Considerations:

If you have a high risk for cavities, you should stay away from all acidic drinks.  If you do not know your cavity risk, ask Dr. Aanenson at your next dental visit.

If you have a dry mouth, you do not have the proper amount of saliva to counteract the acid in these drinks, so you should stay away from all acidic drinks.

Would you like more information about how acidic drinks like sparkling water can affect your teeth? 

Call our office at 605-925-4999 (Freeman) or (605) 928-3363 (Parkston) to schedule your appointment today with Dr. Jason Aanenson, Dr. Alex Whitesell or Dr. Serena Whitesell! They will assess your cavity risk and describe how sparkling water could be specifically harming your teeth.

Dental Trauma

Dental Trauma: What to Do When Your Child Suffers an Injury to the Teeth

Spring is almost here, and children’s sports are going to be in full swing!  This means an increased risk for injuries to your child’s teeth.

As children grow and learn new things, the risk of injury is relatively high.  Toddlers fall down when they are learning to walk.  Children have accidents when learning to ride a bicycle.  Adolescents suffer trauma when learning to play sports.

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Accidents and injuries happen.  In children, often these accidents involve injuries to the mouth and teeth.  This blog highlights what you need to know about trauma to the teeth.

Different Types of Trauma to the Teeth

Baby Teeth vs. Permanent Teeth

All of these types of trauma can happen to both baby teeth and permanent teeth.  The consequences of trauma to baby teeth are usually less severe than those for permanent teeth, simply because baby teeth fall out. 

The only serious consequence of trauma to a baby tooth occurs when the trauma affects the underlying permanent tooth as it is developing.  The crown (or visible part) of the permanent tooth forms underneath the roots of the baby tooth.  If an injury occurs which forces the baby tooth or its roots into the developing permanent tooth during this formation stage, the permanent tooth can be deformed.

The majority of injuries to teeth occur on the front of the face and affect front teeth.  It is possible for a back tooth to be injured if a child is hit from the side, for instance with a baseball.  The recommendations below apply to both front teeth and back teeth.

Injuries that Move a Tooth

When force from an injury moves a tooth, it needs to be addressed quickly. 

What You Will See:

The tooth looks whole, but it is in a different position.  It could be pushed up into the gums, hanging down out of the gums, or protruding at an unusual angle.  It is very common to have bleeding in the gums around a tooth that has been moved.

Baby Teeth vs. Permanent Teeth

In general, the treatment for this type of injury is the same for baby teeth and permanent teeth.  In severe cases, the baby tooth may be extracted.

What You Should Do:

Call your dentist immediately and start heading toward the office.  Attempt to move the tooth back to its normal position using light finger pressure only.  Whether you are able to reposition it or not, go to the dentist for an x-ray of the tooth to evaluate the health of the root, and the bone around the tooth.

Follow-Up Care:

Your child will need a soft diet for a period of a few days up to two weeks.  The goal is no additional pressure on the injured tooth as it is healing.  You may need to give your child over-the-counter pain reliever such as Children’s Advil or Children’s Motrin as needed for pain.

Follow-up with your dentist in 3 months.  He will x-ray the tooth to confirm healing and the health of the tooth and its surrounding structures.

Possible Long-Term Consequences:

When a tooth moves, it is possible that the nerve supply to the tooth has been broken where it enters at the tip of the root.  In many cases, the nerve supply can reattach, and the tooth heals.  In other cases, the nerve does not reattach, and the tissue inside the tooth dies.  A dead nerve must be removed, and the tooth needs a root canal.

The injury to the surrounding structures may also damage the connection between the tooth and the jaw bone.  A condition called ankylosis often develops, in which the tooth becomes fused to the bone and is unable to move.  This is a major concern in orthodontic treatment, when you desire to move that tooth.

Injuries that Chip or Break a Tooth

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If an injury to a tooth causes a portion of the tooth to chip or break off, the consequences are usually a little milder than a tooth that is moved or knocked out.  In minor cases, the small chip can be filled in to return the tooth to its natural shape.  In severe cases, the chip extends into the nerve of the tooth, and a root canal is needed.

What You Will See:

The tooth looks broken or jagged on the edge.  Look specifically for any pink or red spots in the center of the tooth.  This is the nerve inside the tooth, and large breaks may extend this far. 

Baby Teeth vs. Permanent Teeth

In general, the treatment for this type of injury is the same for baby teeth and permanent teeth.  Minor cases will be restored with filling material. In severe cases, a permanent tooth will need a root canal, and the baby tooth may be extracted.

What You Should Do:

Call your dentist immediately and start heading toward the office.  Try to locate any fragments of the tooth, and bring them with you.  Whether you are able to find it or not, go to the dentist for an x-ray of the tooth to evaluate the health of the root, and the bone around the tooth.  The dentist will evaluate the depth of the chip and determine whether or not the nerve is affected. 

Follow-Up Care:

If you have the tooth fragment, your dentist can reattach it to the tooth.  If not, he can rebuild the tooth back to its normal shape and size. 

Your child will need a soft diet for a period of a few days.  You may need to give your child over-the-counter pain reliever such as Children’s Advil or Children’s Motrin as needed for pain.

Follow-up with your dentist in 3 months.  He will x-ray the tooth to confirm healing and the health of the tooth and its surrounding structures.

Possible Long-Term Consequences:

The force to the tooth, which chipped it, could also have disrupted the nerve supply, as noted above.  Your dentist will monitor the tooth closely for any signs of a dead nerve.  If a root canal become necessary, your dentist will guide you in the steps involved in treatment.  It is important to know that the nerve inside a tooth could die at any point in the future, even decades later.

The tooth could also become ankylosed

The dental treatment, which restores the broken tooth, may need replacement at any point in the future.  Be careful not to use that tooth for anything besides chewing and speaking (i.e. holding hair pins or cutting fishing line).

Injuries that Knock Out a Tooth

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A tooth that is completely knocked out needs immediate action!  The longer you wait, the less chance the tooth has of surviving.

What You Will See:

The tooth is completely gone from the mouth.  Evaluation of the tooth should show the crown (visible part) of the tooth, as well as the root.

Baby Teeth vs. Permanent Teeth

There is no treatment for knocked out baby teeth.  The child will have a space in that tooth’s site until the permanent tooth comes in.

For a permanent tooth, we make every attempt to save and reattach the natural tooth.

What You Should Do:

Call your dentist immediately and start heading toward the office.  Hold the tooth by the crown ONLY.  Do not touch the root.  If you can, put the tooth back into the socket after very gently rinsing off any dirt or debris.  If you are unable to put the tooth back into the child’s mouth, place it in a cup with milk or saliva.  That’s right: fill up a cup with enough spit to cover the tooth.  Saliva is the best thing to keep the cells and fibers on the knocked-out tooth alive until it can be reimplanted into the mouth.

Whether you are able to reinsert it or not, go immediately to the dentist.  The dentist will clean and reinsert the tooth, using anesthetic if the child is in pain.  The sooner the tooth is reimplanted, the better the chances of its full healing.

Follow-Up Care:

Follow the recommendations for a soft diet and OTC pain relievers noted above.  The dentist will follow-up with you more frequently to confirm healing and reattachment of the tooth.

Possible Long-Term Consequences:

The consequences noted above, a dead nerve and ankylosis, are both highly likely when a tooth is completely knocked out.  Another possible consequence is failure of the tooth to reattach.  In this case, it is necessary to extract the tooth and replace it with a dental implant. 

Adhering to your dentist’s prescribed follow-up schedule will keep you informed of any of these consequences as they occur.

Be Prepared for Injuries to Your Child’s Teeth

As you can see from the instructions listed above, getting in to see your dentist as soon as possible is very important!  Save our number in your phone, and call us at 605-925-4999 (Freeman) or (605) 928-3363 (Parkston) as soon as an injury happens.  Dr. Jason Aanenson, Dr. Alex Whitesell or Dr. Serena Whitesell will treat your child’s emergency and give you all the information you need for the right follow-up care. 

Whitening Options

Whitening Options

A 2013 survey of 5,500 unmarried adults asked them to rank the qualities by which they judge the opposite sex on first meeting someone new.  Teeth was the highest ranked characteristic by a long shot (58% of men and 71% of women ranked it the #1 feature by which they judge a member of the opposite sex for attractiveness).  Americans spend $1.4 billion on teeth whitening products.  (Click here to see this and other interesting statistics about teeth whitening from research conducted by the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry.)  Globally, teeth whitening is a $3.2 billion industry.  If you are on social media, you have probably seen at least one DIY whitening trend.  Teeth whitening is one of the quickest and easiest ways to improve a smile.

What is Teeth Whitening?

Teeth whitening is any process that causes the teeth to appear whiter in color.  This can involve two different processes: 1) the removal of surface stains and polishing of the teeth and 2) chemically bleaching the teeth with peroxide agents.  The removal of surface stains and polishing of the teeth is the mechanism of action used by whitening toothpastes and all of the DIY whitening trends you see on Instagram and Pinterest.  This is accomplished by the use of abrasive compounds to polish the outer surface of enamel and remove superficial stains like coffee, tea and red wine. 

The risks associated with this type of teeth whitening is the removal of enamel or exposed root surfaces.  This risk is the main concern that dentists have with DIY whitening trends: they can cause irreversible loss of tooth structure.  Teeth will initially appear whiter, and as the abrasion continues and enamel becomes thinner, the underlying dentin will begin to show through, making the teeth look darker over time. 

The best way to lessen this risk is to use whitening toothpastes with the American Dental Association’s seal of approval because their abrasivity has been tested and confirmed to be safe for tooth structure.  Also, make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions when using a whitening toothpaste.  

Teeth whitening can also involve bleaching the enamel and underlying dentin tooth structure with chemical compounds containing peroxides.  Because bleaching the teeth does not remove any tooth structure, it can actually be safer for your teeth.  Many over-the-counter products contain peroxide chemicals for bleaching and are safe when used as instructed.  This blog will address the professional whitening options offered at Prosper Family Dentistry, all of which are bleaching agents containing peroxides.

Hydrogen Peroxide vs. Carbamide Peroxide

The two possible whitening ingredients in professional teeth bleaching agents are hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide.  Because carbamide peroxide breaks down into hydrogen peroxide, they are virtually the same.  There are two minor differences that may factor into the decision on which product to use: 1) Hydrogen peroxide shows an initially quicker whitening effect, which then plateaus so that the final whitening result is the same for both hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide.  2)  Carbamide peroxide has a slightly longer shelf life.  This is important for take-home whitening gels that you may use on a less frequent basis.

 

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Option #1: Professional Whitening Gel in Custom Trays

Teeth whitening using custom trays and a bleaching gel is considered the “gold standard” in teeth whitening.  It is the most customizable and controlled option available in teeth whitening.  Professional Teeth Whitening Gel is available in many concentrations; we offer various concentrations in our practice.

Pros:

  • Once made, the custom trays will last for years.  The only reason you would need new ones is a major change in the shape of your teeth (for example, significant dental work or orthodontics).  This allows you to purchase refill kits of bleaching gel for continued whitening at a much lower cost than the initial investment.
  • You choose which teeth to whiten and when.  Easily customized to get the best result with the least amount of gel.
  • Greater variety of concentrations of the gels = greater versatility of whitening (anywhere from 15 minutes to 9 hours/overnight).
  • Whitening can be done any time for maintenance of a bright, white smile.
  • Carbamide peroxide is the main ingredient, which increases its shelf life.
  • Contains potassium nitrate (desensitizes the teeth) and fluoride (strengthens enamel).
  • Very inexpensive after the initial investment for the custom trays.

Cons:

  • Impressions of your mouth are necessary to fabricate a mold of your teeth, on which the custom tray is made.
  • About 1 week lab time before you can begin whitening.
  • Results are not immediate; typically, whiter teeth are noticed after 3-4 days of whitening.
  • Properly loading the gel into the trays requires some manual dexterity.

Option #2: In-Office Whitening

In-Office Whitening is the way to go for an instantly whiter and brighter smile.  This option gives you instant gratification and is perfect for an upcoming special event or for those people who just do not have time for at-home whitening.  In one session of in-office whitening, you will achieve the same results you would get with multiple days of whitening your teeth through the first two methods of at-home whitening.  Basically, we do all the work for you!  Most in-office whitening treatments are a high concentration of hydrogen peroxide gel, which means it is strong and works fast.

Pros:

  • Instant results!  Your teeth are visibly whiter in one hour.
  • Customizable: Your dentist or hygienist can apply different amounts of gel to different teeth, if they are not all the same color.  They can also protect sensitive areas of gum recession and avoid using the gel on dental work.
  • Chemically activated: no light needed.

Cons:

  • Most expensive option.
  • Requires a scheduled appointment with your dentist or hygienist.
  • Increased risk of irritation of the gums or tooth sensitivity due to its high concentration.
  • Some maintenance may be required if you frequently drink beverages with a high probability of staining your teeth (coffee, tea, red wine).

Interested in whitening your teeth?

Call our office at 605-925-4999 (Freeman) or (605) 928-3363 (Parkston) to schedule your appointment today with Dr. Jason Aanenson, Dr. Alex Whitesell or Dr. Serena Whitesell to set up a teeth whitening consultation.  They will discuss the various options available and help you decide which is right for you!

New Year, New Smile

New Year, New Smile

 

It is that time of year when people around the world are resolving to make changes for the better.  A common theme in many New Year’s resolutions is improved health.  One of the great perks of improving your health is that it usually involves improving your appearance, too!  If you are exercising to enhance your health, you may also be losing weight or toning muscles.  If you resolve to get more sleep, you will lose those dark circles under your eyes.

The same applies to taking care of your teeth.  The steps you take to make your mouth healthier will make your smile prettier.  Here are a few ways you can improve the health and appearance of your smile.

Brush Up on Your Oral Hygiene Regimen

 

Keeping your teeth free from plaque reduces your risk of unsightly cavities and gum disease.  Here is the most effective way to keep your pearly whites pearly and white.

Brush twice a day, preferably after breakfast and before bed.  Make sure you are using a soft-bristled toothbrush at a 45 degree angle to the edge of the gums.  Make sure you touch every surface of every tooth.  This should include the cheek side, tongue side, and biting surface.  The most commonly missed area is the inside (tongue side) of the lower teeth.  Do not go to bed without brushing!

Floss nightly!  Brushing alone is not enough to ensure proper plaque removal.  The toothbrush bristles cannot reach in between the teeth; therefore, they leave harmful plaque, bacteria, and food debris on the teeth.  Flossing is absolutely mandatory to keep your teeth and gums healthy and beautiful.

Use a mouthwash.  Swishing mouthwash is a great way to flush out unhealthy bacteria from the various nooks and crannies of the oral cavity.  If you are cavity prone, use a mouthwash containing fluoride to strengthen your enamel and fight cavities.  If you have a dry mouth, stay away from mouthrinses containing alcohol.  For someone with red, swollen gums, a whitening mouthwash containing hydrogen peroxide is a great tool for reducing gum inflammation.

Treat Yourself to Teeth Whitening

There are many ways to improving your smile.  Whitening your teeth is one of the quickest ways to give your smile a boost.  At the dental centers in Freeman, Viborg and Parkston, we are proud to offer KöR professional teeth whitening.  With both in-office and at-home whitening products, we can help you find the type of whitening that most easily and quickly meets your needs. 

Another way you can achieve a brighter smile is by using an electric toothbrush and whitening toothpaste.  This works to polish off surface stains accumulated by years of drinking coffee or tea and using tobacco products.  Ask our dental hygienists about the other benefits of an electric toothbrush.  Most patients find that once they begin using an electric toothbrush, they cannot return to a manual toothbrush.  Electric toothbrushes truly give a cleaner, smoother, shinier appearance to the teeth.

Straight Teeth are Healthy Teeth

Many people consider crooked teeth to be a cosmetic issue.  In addition to an improved appearance, straightening your teeth actually creates a healthier oral environment.  A research experiment was conducted in which plaque was collected from both patients with straight teeth and those with crowded teeth.  This study concluded that not only do crooked and crowded teeth harbor a greater quantity of plaque; they actually harbor more dangerous bacteria than straight teeth.

Closing gaps between the teeth helps prevent food impaction, which leads to cavities and periodontal disease.  Aligning crooked teeth makes brushing flossing easier to accomplish.  Ask us how Invisalign® can make your mouth healthier!

Full Smile Makeover

Perhaps you have always wanted a full smile makeover, and 2018 is your year.  Missing teeth can be replaced with dental implants.  Broken teeth can be restored crowns.  Cavities can be repaired with cosmetic tooth-colored fillings.  

You can even get a beautiful, straight, white smile with veneers.  A veneer is a covering of at least one full surface of the tooth.  Veneers are made from porcelain or composite (an in-office dental restoration).  They can be contact lens thin for minor corrections and refinements.  Or they can be several millimeters thick to correct misalignments and dark discolorations.

The possibilities are almost endless!  To get started on your full smile makeover, schedule a consultation with Dr. Jason, Dr. Alex and Dr. Serena.  They will evaluate your current situation and discuss the treatment options available to meet your cosmetic goals.

Happy New Year!

Whether 2018 is the year for minor improvements or major life changes for you, there are two things that will always be a great idea: 1) Make healthy choices.  2) Smile! 

If you’d like help improving that smile, we are here for you. Call our office at 605-925-4999 (Freeman) or (605) 928-3363 (Parkston) to schedule your appointment today with Dr. Jason Aanenson, Dr. Alex Whitesell or Dr. Serena Whitesell!